Joseph Beuys (Krefeld, Germany, 1921 – Düsseldorf 1986) established himself as a major artist in post-war Germany. He explored numerous fields of human culture and its environment and greatly expanded the boundaries of art by enriching his practice with humanism, anthroposophy and philosophy. His work, protean and of a great conceptual rigor, is considered as a "Gesamtkunstwerk" and characterized by the use of recurrent mediums as felt and fat together with numerous types of organic substances such as honey, seeds or margarine. The large range of highly symbolic mediums is closely connected to his almost shamanic practice, which has been widely expressed by the art of performance and his pedagogic actions. Extremely charismatic, Joseph Beuys revolutionized the Western artistic practice of art and initiated numerous fascinating debates that are still relevant today.