Sturtevant

Sturtevant

The American artist Sturtevant (1924, Lakewood, Ohio – 2014, Paris) is best known for her repetitions of the works of other artists, which she recreated manually from memory after having seen a piece that intrigued her. These can immediately be identified with the original, but they are not copies. Her aim was not to achieve an exact replica, but rather to address notions of authorship, authenticity and originality that would later come to the fore in our own digital age, characterised by the endless circulation and recombination of images.

 

Sturtevant’s first exhibition, held in 1965 at the Bianchini Gallery, New York, featured her versions of Andy Warhol’s silkscreened flowers, with her Jasper Johns flag, Frank Stella concentric square, Claes Oldenburg garment and other paintings suspended on a clothes rack. The relationship between repetition and difference, as articulated in Gilles Deleuze’s seminal philosophical text, was central to her practice. Before it became available in English translation, Sturtevant read Différence et répétition, 1968, in the original French with the aid of a dictionary. The disparities between the versions encourage the viewer to look beyond their surface similarities to what Sturtevant termed the ‘under-structure of art’. She achieved these crucial differences by working ‘predominantly from memory, using the same techniques, making the same errors and thus coming out in the same place’. When Warhol was asked how he made his work he replied: ‘Ask Elaine [Sturtevant]’.

 

The artists with whose work she engaged include her contemporaries in American Pop – Jasper Johns, Roy Lichtenstein, Claes Oldenburg, James Rosenquist, Andy Warhol and Tom Wesselmann – as well as Marcel Duchamp, Joseph Beuys, Frank Stella, Felix Gonzalez-Torres, Keith Haring and Anselm Kiefer, amongst others. Sturtevant worked across media, ranging from painting and sculpture to photography, wallpaper and, from 2000 onwards, video works that combined advertising and internet images with her own film material. These later video works turn a critical gaze on today’s image-saturated media culture, creating repetition of a different kind on a continuous loop. 

 

Sturtevant was awarded the Golden Lion for lifetime achievement at the 54th Venice Biennale in 2011, and her pioneering work has been featured in numerous exhibitions, including at The Museum of Modern Art, New York (2014); Serpentine Galleries, London (2013); Kunsthalle, Zurich (2012); Moderna Museet, Stockholm (2012); Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris (2010) and the Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt am Main (2004).

Awards

2013


College Art Association, for the exhibition at Gavin Brown’s enterprise, “Rock & Rap /c Simulacra.”, New York


Kurt Schwitters Prize for Lifetime Achievement, Sprengel Museum Hannover


 


2011


Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement, Venice Biennale


 


2008


Greenburger Award, New Museum (New York)


 


2006


Beaux-arts Magazine Award, best internationa exhibition (Paris)


 


2005


Beaux-arts Award : best international exhibition : "Sturtevant: The


Brutal Truth", Museum of Modern Art (Frankfort)


 


2004


Art Award : best exhibition of the year (Paris)


Solo exhibitions

2018


I Am Never Am the Other, Power Station, Dallas, TX, USA


Vice Versa, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, London, UK


 


2017


Undeniable Allusion, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, France


Sturtevant, Gavin Brown's enterprise, New York, USA


 


2016


Drawings: 1964-1994, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, France


Gober Partially Buried Sinks, Gavin Brown’s enterprise, Sant’Andrea de Scaphis, Rome, Italy


 


2015


The House of Horrors (le Train fantôme), Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France


Sturtevant Sturtevant, Madre, Napoli, Italy


Drawing Double Reversal, Albertina, Vienna, Austria


Drawing Double Reversal, Nationalgalerie im Hamburger Bahnhof-Museum für Gegenwart, Berlin, Germany


Double Trouble, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, California, USA


 


2014


Reloaded, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris , France


Drawing Double Reversal, Museum fur Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt am Main, Germany


Double Trouble, MoMA, The Museum of modern Art, New York, NY, USA


 


2013


Leaps Jumps and Bumps, Serpentine Gallery, London, Uk


House of Horrors, Sprengel Museum Hannover, Hannover, Germany


 Finite / Infinite, Gavin Brown’s enterprise, Los Angeles, USA


 


2012


Image over Image, Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden


Rock and Rap /C Simulacra, Gavin Brown’s enterprise, New York, USA


L’abécédaire de Deleuze, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, France


Image over Image, Kunsthalle Zurich, Switzerland


 


2011


In Praise of Doubt, Punta della Dogana, Venice, Italy


Italian Pavillon of Venice Biennale (awarded the GOLDEN LION for Lifetime Achievement)


 


2010


The Razzle Dazzle of Thinking, Musée d'Art Moderne de la ville de Paris, Paris, France


Vertical Nomad, Galerie Neu, Berlin, Germany


Elastic Tango, Anthony Reynolds Gallery, London, UK


 


2009


Blow Job, Air de Paris, Paris, France


 


2008


Vertical Monad, Anthony Reynolds Gallery, London, UK


Sturtevant, Le Consortium, Dijon, France


 


2007


Raw Power, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, France


RE-Run, Galerie Mezzanin, Vienna, Austria


 


2006


Cold Fear, Anthony Reynolds Gallery, London, UK


Dillinger Running Series, Site Galerie, Düsseldorf, Germany


Digital Click, Art Unlimited, Basel, Switzerland


 


2005


The Brutal Truth, MIT List, Cambridge, MA, USA


Push and Shove, Perry Rubenstein Gallery, New York, USA


 


2004


The Brutal Truth, Museum fur Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt Am Main, Germany


Perry Rubenstein Gallery, New York, USA


 


2003


The Dark Threat of Absence, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, France


Galerie Mezzanin, Vienna, Austria


The Sixties. Lichentenstein, Warhol, Wesselmann, Rosenquist, Galerie Daniel Blau, Berlin, Germany


 


2002


Shifting Mental Structures, Neuer Berliner Kunstverein, Berlin, Germany


Sturtevant. Work on paper 1965/66/69, Galerie Daniel Blau, Munich, Germany


I love Arlette, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, France


 


2001


Dillinger Running Series, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, France


Ça va aller, Galerie Hans Mayer, Berlin, Germany


 


2000


Copy without Origins : self as disappearance, École Régionale des Beaux-arts de Nantes, Nantes, France


 


1999


Duchamp 1200 Coal Bags, MAMCO, Genève, Switzerland


Sturtevant. 1225 Objects, Casino Luxembourg, Forum d'Art Contemporain, Luxembourg


 


1998


Int./Ext. Visibilities, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, France


Ça va aller, Air de Paris, Paris, France


 


1997


Galerie Six Friedrich, Munich, Germany


 


1996 


Ecole Régionale des Beaux-Arts, Le Mans, France


 


1995  


Powerful Reversals, Galerie Hans Mayer, Düsseldorf, Germany


 


1994  


Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, France


 


1993 


Villa Arson, Nice, Musée d'Art Contemporain


Stux Gallery New York, USA


Galerie Hans Mayer, Dusseldorf, Germany


 


1992


Sturtevant (touring exhibition), Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart, Germany


Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, Germany


 


1991


Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris (catalogue)


 


1990


Rhona Hoffman Gallery, Chicago


 


1989


Sturtevant. Werke aus 25 Jahren, Galerie Paul Maenz, Cologne, Germany


Art Basel 89, Galerie Six Friedrich, Munich, Germany


 


1988


Drawing 1988-65, Bess Cutler Gallery, New York, USA


 


1987


Daniel Weinberg Gallery, Los Angeles, USA


Stux Gallery, New York, USA


 


1986


White Columns, New York, USA


 


1974


Onnasch Gallery, New York, USA


 


1973


Sturtevant. Studies done for Beuys' Action and objects, Duchamps' etc. Including film, Everson Museum, Syracuse, New York, USA


 


1971


Sturtevant. Studies done for Beuys' Action objects and drawing, Reese Palley Gallery, New York, USA


 


1970


Sturtevant. Huit Tableaux et un Prototype, Galerie Claude Givaudan, Paris, France


 


1969


Sturtevant. Huit Tableaux et un Prototype, Galerie Claude Givaudan, Paris, France


 


1967


The Store of Claes Oldenburg, 623 East, New York, USA


Relâche, School of Visual Art, New York, USA


 


1966


America America, Galerie J, Paris, France


 


1965


Bianchini Gallery, New York, USA


 


Group exhibitions

2017


Robert Rauschenberg: Among Friends, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NYC, USA


 


2015


Space Age, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Pantin, France


 


2014


In These Great Times, Kunsternes Hus, Oslo and Charlottenborg, Copenhagen, Denmark


69 / 96., The Gebert Foundation, Rapperswil, Switzerland


 


2013


second reflection / symmetrical contents STURTEVANT and SECONDEDITIONS, Chelsea Space, London, UK


Des images comme des oiseaux, La Friche Belle de Mai, Marseille, France


Pop Art Design, Barbican Art Gallery, London, UK


Virginia Dwan, Filmaker, Videographer, and film Producer, The Emily Harvey Foundation, New York City, USA


Ausweitung der Kampfzone. Die Sammlung. 1968-2000, Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin, Germany


 


2012


Henry Moore Institute, Leeds. UK


Sinister Pop, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA


 


2011


ILLUMInazioni – ILLUMInations, 54th International Art Exhibition, Venice, Italy


Eloge du doute, Punta della Dogana, Venice, Italy


The personal is Political : Women artists from the collection, MOCA, Los Angeles, USA


Role Models and Role Playing, Museum of Modern Art, Salzburg, Austria


 


2010


Seconde main, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France


Pop Life, Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, Germany


 


2009


Die Kunst ist Super !, Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin, Germany


The Quick and The Dead, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, USA


Pop Life, Tate Modern, London, UK


Hayward Gallery, London, UK


VOID, George Pompidou, Paris, France


The Danish and The Nordic Pavilions – La Biennale di Venezia, Venice, Italy


 


2008


Set 5, Fotomuseum Winterthur, Zurich, Switzerland


Galerie Mehdi Chouakri, Berlin, Germany


The archer and the Goat, Anthony Reynolds Gallery, London, UK


Exposing Flesh, III CCS Bard, New York, USA


 


2007


Début de siècle, Musée départemental d'Art Contemporain de Rochechouart, Rochechouart, France


it (is not) a fake, Galerie Sho Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan


Wack ! Art and the feminist revolution, MOCA, Los Angeles, USA


Ten Curators, Colette, Paris, France


Good Morning Midnight, Casey Kaplan Gallery, New York, USA


Steven Parrino - La Marque, Noire, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, France


Group Show, Anthony Reynolds Gallery, London, UK


 


2006


Twice Drawn, Tang Museum, Saragota Springs, NY, USA


Air de Paris, Paris, France


PS1, New York, USA


Whitney Bienniail, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA


MMK, Frankfurt, Germany


 


2005


De Singel, Antwerp, Belgium


Galerie Mezzanin, Vienna, Austria


Mamco, Geneve, Switzerland


Joy, Casino Luxembourg, Luxembourg


Kunstforum, Vienna, Austria


Kunsthalle Vienna, Austria


Frieze, London, Gallery A.R


 


2004


20 Jahre, 20 Years, 1984-200, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Salzburg, Austria


Besides, popularity is a rather lumpy concept, no?, Kunthalle Dusseldorf, Germany


About Painting, Tang Museum,New York, USA


Frac Paca, Marseille, France


Before the End, Le Consortium, Dijon, France


Paris Photo, Paris, France


 


2003


Aftershock, Dickinson Roundell, New York, USA


Das Lebendige Musuem, Museum fur Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt, Germany


University of Sunderland, Sunderland, UK


Ishtar, Gallery Midway, St. Paul


The Daimler Chrysler Collection, Museum fur Modern Kunst, Karlsruhe, Germany


Influence, Anxiety and Gratitude, List Visual Arts Center, Cambridge, UK


Une Collection de 'Chefs d'oeuvre' - emprunts, pastiches, copies, citations et interprétations, Frac Limousin, Limoges, France


Living with Duchamps, Tang Museum, New York, USA


Re-Production 2, Georg Kargl Fine Arts, Vienna, Austria


Un tableau dans le décor, Peintures 1970-2000, Musée des Ducs de Bretagne, Nantes, France


Paris Photo, Paris


Site, Düsseldorf, Germany


 


2002


Virement 2002, MAMCO, Geneva, Switzerland


Paris Photo, Paris, France


Pace/Macgill Gallery, New York, USA


Nederlande Foto Institut, Rotterdam, Netherlands


Manifeste oder Ergriffenheit- Was ist das, Galerie Daniel Blau, Munich, Germany


Minimalism and After, DaimlerChrysler Contemporary, Berlin, Germany


Iconoclash. Jenseits der Bilderkriege in Wissenschalft, Religion und Kunst, ZKM Karlsruhe, Germany


Min Marilyn, Lijevalchs Konsthall, Stockholm, sweden


Art After Art, Neues Museum Weserburg, Bremen, Germany


Private/Corporate : A Dialogue, Haus Huth, Berlin, Germany


Kunst nach Kunst, Neues Museum Werserburg, Bremen, Germany


 


2001


Répertoire (Replay) 'Oh cet écho !' (Duchampiana) 2, MAMCO, Geneva, Switzerland


Répertoire (Replay)'ce qu'il plait 2', MAMCO, Geneva, Switzerland


Ornament und Abastraktion, Foundation Beyeler, Basel, Switzerland


Trade-Waren, Wege und Werte im Welthandel Heute, Winterthur Foto Museum, Winterthur, Switzerland


Candice Breitz, Claude Closky, Elaine Sturtevant, Martin Walde, Erwin Wurm, Gallery Mezanin, Vienna, Austria


La Bretagne Collectionne l'Art de notre Temps, les 20 ans du Frac


Bretagne/Mélange, Domaine de Kerguehennec , Centre d'Art Contemporain, Bignan, France


Georg Karl Fine Arts, Vienna, Austria


 


2000


Protest & Survive, White Chapel, London, UK


Copy Right/Copy Wrong, Ecole des Beaux-Arts de Nantes, France


Les 100 sourires de Mona Lisa, Tokyo, Japan


 


1999


Original. Echt/Falsch, Neues Museum, Bremen, Germany


Air de Paris, Paris, France


Werke aus der Sammlung FER, Froelich, Graesslin, Waishaupt, ZMK, Karlsrube, Germany


À propos de Duchamps, Curt Marcus Gallery , New York, USA


Patchwork in progress 5 'Oh cet écho !' (Duchampiana), MAMCO, Geneva, Switzerland


Weg aus dem Bild, Georg Karl Fine Arts, Vienna, Austria


 


1998


Das Jahrhundert der Kunslerischen Freiheit, Wiener Sezession, Vienna, Austria


Sequence, Edition Schellmann Munich, New York)


Upfreshing Wind from Changing Directions, Weimar Neues Museum, Weimar, Germany


Painting Now and Forever, Pat Hearn Gallery, New York, USA


One Hundred years of Artistic Freedom, City Art Musem, Helsinki, Finland


Auffrischender Wind aux weschselnden Richtungn. Internationale Avantgarde seit 1960. Die Sammlung Paul Maenz, Neues Museum, Weimar, Germany


 


1997


Galerie von Lintel, Munich, Germany


From One Point to Another, L'Atelier Soardi, Nice, France


Sous le manteau, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, France


 


1996


Magritte, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Montreal, Canada


Kunstsammlung Nordhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf, Germany


La Criée, Centre d'Art, Rennes, France


L'Art du Plastique, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, Paris, France


Museum der Kultur der Welt, Berlin, Germany


Now/Here, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaeck, Denmark


Shift, Neue Gesellschaft fur Bildende kunst, Berlin, Germany


 


1994


MAMCO, Genève, Switzerland


Qui est Libre?, Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Rouen, France


Saut dans le vide, Maison Centrale des artistes ThDKh, Moscow, Russia


Zentrum Paris, Art Frankfurt 94, Frankfurt, Germany


 


1993


Zentrum Paris, Kunsthalle Ritter, Klagenfurt, Austria


Drawings 30th Anniversary Exhibitions, Leo Castelli Gallery, New York, USA


 


1992


Galerie Sylvana Lorenz, Paris, France


Galerie Six Friederich, Munich, Germany


Objects for an ideal home, Serpentine Gallery, London, UK


 


1991


Charade of Mastery, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA


Denk-Bilder, Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstifstun, Munich, Heydt-Museum, Wuppertal, Germany


Aspect de l'art du XXéme siécle, Abbaye Saint André, Meymac, France


(Art), California State University Fullerton, California, USA


Hybrid Abstraction, Bennington College, Vermont, USA


Das Goldene Zeitalter, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart, Germany


 


1990


Permanent Collection, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, USA


Charade of Mastery. Deciphering Modenism in the Contemporary Art, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA


Spellbound, Mark Richard Gallery, New York, USA


 


1989


Prospect 89, Frankfurter Kunstverein, Frankfurt am Main, Germany


D&S Ausstellung, Kunstverein,  Hamburg, Germany


A Decade of Drawing, Daniel Weinberg Gallery, Los Angeles, USA


The silent Baroque, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Salzburg, Austria


 


1988


Complexity &Contradiction, Scott Hanson Gallery, New York, USA


Vraiment Faux, Fondation Cartier (Jouy-en-Josas),


Hommage-Demontage, Neue Galerie Sammlung Ludwig (Aachen), WIlhem-


Hack-Museum, Ludwigshafen, Stadtisches Museum Gelsenkirchen, Germany


Hedendaage Kunst


Provinciaal Museum, Hasselt, Belgium


Museum Moderner Kunst, Vienna, Austria


 


1987


st bienal internacional de Pintura au Museo de Arte Moderno, Cuenca, Spain


Glittering Prize, Stux Gallery, New York, USA


Post-Abstract Abstraction, Adrich Museum, Ridgefield, USA


 


1986


Investigations, McIntosh/Drysdale Gallery, Washington, USA


Production Re-Production, Galerie 345, New York, USA


 


1985


The Art of Appropriation, Alternative Museum, New York, USA


 


1967


Art in the Mirror, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA


 


1966


Institute Of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia, PA, USA


Public and private collections

Vienna, Secession


MAMCO, Geneva


Weimar Neues Museum, Weimar


MOCA Los, Angeles


ARC, Paris


Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam


ZKM, Karlsruhe


DAP, Paris


FRAC, Bretagne


MMK, Museum Fur Moderna Kunst, Frankfurt


Sintra Museum of Modern Art, Sintra


Musée d'Art Moderne de la ville de Paris


Walker Art Center, Minneapolis


Pinault Foundation


Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City